Human Development - An Overview
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This paper examines theories of human development, focusing on the major domains of this area which are physical, cognitive, and psychosocial. The paper explores the commonalities between these theories which divide human development into separate and distinct stages. Various theories and their major scholars are presented and described at length. In particular, the paper cites the theory of cognitive development and its founder Jean Piaget. The paper concludes by noting the widespread acceptance of Piaget's theories in the US.
From the Paper:"Other theories, such as evolutionary theories of psychology and development, are based much more strictly on biological hard-wiring. Evolutionary psychologists believe that the brain should be viewed as an organ adapted to provide effective responses to specific survival situations, and that this can account for the modern developmental patterns (Newman 2007). This is often considered a highly impersonal and therefore largely imprecise and impractical framework for viewing development, especially since the purported events which have supposedly shaped the brain through evolution can never be observed. A more popular type of theory is cognitive development. Jean Piaget is considered the founder of this school of thought; after noticing that responses from children of different ages were qualitatively different, he identified several distinct stages of cognitive development and saw cognition as the primary facet of development, affecting the other areas more than vice versa..."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Clifton, A. (1995) Psychological Theory: Erikson. Accessed 9 July 2009. http://www.haverford.edu/psych/ddavis/p109g/erikson.stages.html
- Newman, B. (2007). Theories of Human Development. New York: Routledge.
- Papalia, D.; Olds, S. & Feldman, R. (2004). Human Development, 9th ed. New York: McGraw Hill.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Human Development - An Overview (2011, December 14) Retrieved January 21, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/human-development-an-overview-149424/
"Human Development - An Overview" 14 December 2011. Web. 21 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/human-development-an-overview-149424/>