History of the H-1B Visa Program Analytical Essay by Nicky

An overview and analysis of the H-1B immigrant visa program in the United States.
# 146091 | 3,049 words | 4 sources | MLA | 2010 | US
Published on Dec 15, 2010 in Political Science (U.S.) , Hot Topics (Immigration)

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The paper looks at the history of United States' guest-worker programs and explores the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). The paper explains how this law placed a burden on employers to verify that their workers were in the United States legally. The paper then focuses on the passing of the Immigration Act of 1990 and the establishment of the H-1B visa program and explains how it sought to increase immigration by Western Europeans and skilled workers while limiting the immigration of unskilled laborers. The paper considers the success of the H-1B visa program and concludes that now, the economy is simply too volatile to ascertain the real impact of these H-1B visas.

History of Guest Workers in the United States
Changing Immigration Landscape
Immigration Act of 1990

From the Paper:

"By the middle of the 20th century, the number of legal immigrants in the United States was rapidly growing, and the preference system for immigrants was beginning to change. After 1965, the number of illegal immigrants increased as well, and Congress attempted to address the illegal immigrant issue with the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). (Usdansky and Espenshade, p.8). This law placed a burden on employers to verify that their workers were in the United States legally. (Usdansky and Espenshade, p.8). The IRCA also set the stage for the Congressional debate and compromises that would usher in the 1990 Immigration Act, by showing that Congress was unwilling to permit undocumented workers to take American jobs, specifically those workers coming from Mexico and Latin America. The concern was that too many unskilled laborers were entering the United States, and that those work visas were being used to bring in their families, while the United States was still plagued by a labor shortage in highly-skilled areas."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Immigration Act of 1990, Pub. L. 101-649, 104 Stat. 4978 (1990).
  • The Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C.S. 101(a)(15)(H).
  • Usdansky, Margaret and Thomas J. Espenshade. "The H-1B Visa Debate in Historical Perspective: The Evolution of U.S. Policy Toward Foreign-Born Workers." The Center for Comparative Immigration Studies. 2000. University of California, San Diego. 31 Jan. 2009 <http://www.ccis-ucsd.org/PUBLICATIONS/wrkg11.PDF>.
  • ZaZona.com. "A Legislative History of H-1B and Other Immigrant Work Visas. ZaZona.com. 2008. ZaZona. 31 Jan. 2009 <http://www.zazona.com/ShameH1B/H1BHistory.htm >.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

History of the H-1B Visa Program (2010, December 15) Retrieved December 02, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/history-of-the-h-1b-visa-program-146091/

MLA Format

"History of the H-1B Visa Program" 15 December 2010. Web. 02 December. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/history-of-the-h-1b-visa-program-146091/>