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This paper reviews and analyzes the ancient Greek work entitled "The Histories" by the historian, Herodotus. According to the paper, this work includes an objective level regarding the information presented within and a subjective level, which includes Herodotus's perceptions of the peoples and incidents which he reports. The paper also notes that this historical work transforms itself in many cases into a philosophical, often melancholic and pessimistic approach to life. Various examples from the work are cited to support the reviewer's viewpoint. It also describes the use of religious imagery, which include myths and traditions, which are found throughout "The Histories."
From the Paper:"The philosophical approach is not only a perspective on life and afterlife, but also a way for Herodotus to use a series of aphorisms that help him create a more global picture of human kind, one that can be universal rather than limited to the people that he analyzes in his work. In Book 1, for example, such aphorisms abound as he tells the story of Candaules, ruler of Lydia, and how Gyges, his favorite spearman fell in love with the queen. Throughout paragraph 8 of Book 1, Herodotus mentions that "men trust their ears less than their eyes" (1.8) and that "when a woman puts off her tunic, she puts off her modesty also". These are both elements of the subjective level that Herodotus uses to picture humanity."
"Similarly, he uses the phrase "in peace the sons bury their fathers, but in war the fathers bury their sons" (1.87) with different meanings. On one part, it is a simple objective observation of the times he lives in. Indeed, during Antiquity, it is likely that war could simply wipe out entire youth populations in certain towns and villages..."
Sample of Sources Used:
- The Histories. Translated by G.C. Macaulay. Barnes and Nobles Classics. New York. 2004
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Herodotus's "The Histories" - An Overview (2012, April 01) Retrieved June 04, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/herodotus-the-histories-an-overview-150742/
"Herodotus's "The Histories" - An Overview" 01 April 2012. Web. 04 June. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/herodotus-the-histories-an-overview-150742/>