Genocide and Justice: Eichmann and Kambanda Analytical Essay by Nicky

Genocide and Justice: Eichmann and Kambanda
An exploration of the trials of Jean Kambanda and Adolf Eichmann, both who were held responsible for their crimes and those of their society.
# 128944 | 4,339 words | 9 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Aug 19, 2010 in International Relations (Non-U.S.) , Holocaust Studies (General)

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The paper explains how Jean Kambanda was accused of having actively endorsed a policy of genocide as a way to relieve the nation of its ethnic conflict. The paper then discusses the significance of Kambanda's tribunal that would be a way for the international commuity to mend itself for its destructive inaction, and points out the exploitation of Kambanda in this manner. The paper explores the rationality in pinning crimes of such enormity on the behaviors of a few leaders, and draws a parallel between this trial and that of Adolf Eichmann who was responsible for the extermination of millions of Jews during WWII and whose trial was a vehicle of justice for the Jewish people as a whole. The paper describes how the trial was dedicated to invoking a public awareness of the crimes of the Nazis, and in this, there seems to be a certain level of exploitation. The paper highlights the flaws of the United Nations organization and concludes that it is both the responsibility and in the best interests of the world's powers to help Africa achieve a strategy toward progress, rather than exploitation as its primary inspiration.

Background: The Rwanda Genocide
The Judgment at Nuremberg

From the Paper:

"In 1994, following the assassination of Rwandan President Juvenal Habyrimana, Jean Kambanda effectively stepped over those who outranked him to assume a position as the head of state. An ethnic member of the Hutu ruling party, he devoted his short reign to carrying out the Habyrimana's vision of a state cleansed of the Tutsi tribes. This would amount to a systematic, premeditated and governmentally incited pursuit of a policy of terror, murder rape and the perpetration of civil war. Amongst several dozen others, Jean Kambanda was tried before an international tribune designed to hold those in noted positions of influence responsible for that which had transpired. Over the course of roughly one hundred days, the government's endorsement of the ethnic cleansing, explicitly prodded onward by state-sponsored radio broadcasts and other propaganda methods, would help to stimulate the murder of somewhere between 800,000 and 1,000,000 Tutsis. It would result in the torture, maiming and sexual violation of countless others, leaving Rwanda in a state of shattered psychology and political despair that remains very fresh still more than a decade hence."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Annan, Kofi. (1999). Statement on receiving the report of the independent inquiry into the actions of the United Nations during the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda. The United Nations. Online at
  • Arendt, Hanah. (1963). Eichmann in Jerusalem: The Banality of Evil. Penguin Books.
  • Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano. (1997). The 'Federal Analogy' and UN Charter Interpretation:A Crucial Issue. European Journal of International Justice., Vol. 8, No. 1. Online at>
  • BBC. (April 2004). Rwanda: How the Genocide Happened. BBC News. Online at <>
  • HRW. (2005). Rwanda: The Genocide. Human Rights Watch. Online at<>

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Genocide and Justice: Eichmann and Kambanda (2010, August 19) Retrieved June 07, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Genocide and Justice: Eichmann and Kambanda" 19 August 2010. Web. 07 June. 2023. <>