Genetically Modified Foods: The Benefits and Risks Analytical Essay by scribbler

Genetically Modified Foods: The Benefits and Risks
An overview of the controversies surrounding genetically modified (GM) foods.
# 153015 | 1,746 words | 15 sources | MLA | 2013 | US
Published on May 01, 2013 in Agricultural Studies (Biotechnology)


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Description:

The paper relates that genetically modified (GM) foods have offered new hopes to become the next agricultural revolution, promising food security and nutrition to millions of people faced with the danger of hunger and malnutrition. The paper looks at the many biotechnological tools that are available to effect gene transfer from one species to another and discusses the availability of GM foods as well as global cultivation patterns. The paper then explores the benefits and potential risks and finds that while high yields and improved nutritional value could be achieved, there is also a risk of developing superweeds and monoculturing may contribute to decline in productivity and soil fertility. The paper points out the absence of internationally standardized toxicity, nutritional studies, and uniform internationally agreed labeling regulations, and concludes that under these circumstances we cannot safely endorse GM foods as the answer to the problems of food security in the world.

Outline:
Introduction
GM Foods
Gene Transfer Techniques
Availability of GM Foods
Global Cultivation Pattern
Benefits and Risks of GM Foods
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Genetically modified or transgenic plants refer to plants that are genetically modified by insertion of one or more genes to bring about the expression of the desired traits in the plants. For example, developing pesticide resistance in plants could be very effective to improve the agricultural productivity. This can be accomplished by inserting the plant with a gene that could enable the plant to develop resistance to a particular pesticide. This would in turn enable the farmers to spray pesticides in the fields without having to worry about causing damage to the plants. This also allows the farmer to use less pesticide spray than he normally would, which is friendly for the environment. For example, by using gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, scientists have made it possible for the Corn plants to develop natural resistance to insects. This transgenic BT corn produces a natural poison that kills insects thereby greatly limiting the need for using insecticides that are environmentally harmful. Not to mention the increase in yield owing to the insect killing gene in Bt corn. This example indicates how genetic engineering could be a technological panacea for the farmers woes and how it could revolutionize agriculture in the future."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bionet, 'Future Food: Four Examples of Genetically Modified Foods' Accessed Nov 22 2010, available at, http://www.greenfacts.org/en/gmo/gmo-greenfacts.pdf
  • Lillian E Forman, 'Genetically Modified Foods', ABDO publishers , 2009.
  • DEAKIN, 'Genetically Modified Foods : Techniques', State Government of Victoria, May 2010, Accessed Nov 22nd 2010, Available Online at, http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Genetically_modified_foods_techniques
  • UNCST, 'Plant Genetic Engineering', Accessed Nov 22nd 2010, available at, http://www.biovisioneastafrica.com/publications/Plant%20Genetic%20Engineering.pdf
  • Paul Van Eijck, 'The History and Future of GM potatoes', Mar 12, 2010, Accessed Nov 22nd 2010, available at, http://greenbio.checkbiotech.org/news/history_and_future_gm_potatoes

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Genetically Modified Foods: The Benefits and Risks (2013, May 01) Retrieved March 08, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/genetically-modified-foods-the-benefits-and-risks-153015/

MLA Format

"Genetically Modified Foods: The Benefits and Risks" 01 May 2013. Web. 08 March. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/genetically-modified-foods-the-benefits-and-risks-153015/>

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