Federalists, Anti-Federalists and the Constitution Analytical Essay by Thukydides

Federalists, Anti-Federalists and the Constitution
A look at the differences between the Federalists and anti-Federalists regarding the Constitution.
# 151940 | 767 words | 10 sources | MLA | 2011 | UA
Published on Oct 28, 2012 in History (Leaders) , Political Science (Political Theory) , Law (Constitution)


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Description:

This paper analyzes the positions of Federalist and Anti-Federalist authors on issues in the constitution, further showing on which aspects they coincided and on which held divergent views. First, the paper discusses how the idea of the necessity of limitation of powers within the framework of written Constitution was a basic premise shared by Federalists and Anti-Federalists alike. Then, it shows how their approaches to this concept differed. Next, the paper highlights both parties views on separation of powers within the constitution. Then, the paper notes how Federalists and Anti-Federalists believed in the necessity of taking additional measures to ensure a proper administration. It also addresses how public officials should not abuse their power, particularly through limiting their terms in office. The paper concludes by stating that although Federalists and anti-Federalists differed on certain issues, both espoused republican principles of government and believed in separation of power.

Outline:

The Necessity of the Separation of Powers
The Separation of Powers and the Constitution
Alternative Mechanisms to Assure the Appropriate Conduct of Public Officials

From the Paper:

"According to the Federalists, the separation of powers was to be maintained through the relevant organization of the internal structure of the government. The Federalist authors were convinced that by enabling independent agency to each "department" of government while simultaneously restricting their ability to interfere in proceedings of the other branches, the institution of truly republican government was perfectly feasible ("The Federalist No. 51"). Accordingly, the Federalists objected to the idea of recurrence to the people in the event of conflicts between the branches, cautioning against the strengthening of the legislative power at the expense of the others ("The Federalist No. 49"). They found the independence of the judiciary especially important, warning against the possible encroachments by the legislature on the aforesaid independence ("The Federalist No. 78").
"Anti-Federalists viewed the model of separation of powers established in the Constitution as abstract, pointing at excessive powers of the Executive and at the mixture of the executive and legislative branches of power found in the Senate ("Cato").
"Both Cato and Centinel regarded the Senate as an aristocratic institution; whereas Cato proposed to institute direct election of the Senators and to establish annual rotation of its members ("Cato'), Centinel advocated the abolition of the Senate ..."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • "Cato". "Letter V". "The New York Journal", 22 Nov. 1787. Web. 22 Mar. 2011.
  • "Centinel". "Number One". n.p. , 5 Oct. 1787. Web. 22 Mar. 2011.
  • "Publius" [Madison, James]. "The Federalist No. 10" ["The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard against Domestic Faction and Insurrection (continued)]. Daily Advertiser, 22 Nov. 1787. Web. 22 Mar. 2011.
  • "Publius" [Madison, James]. "The Federalist No. 39" ["The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles"]. Independent Journal, 16 Jan. 1788. Web. 22 Mar. 2011.
  • "Publius" [Madison, James]. "The Federalist No. 47" ["The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power among Its Different Parts]. New York Packet, 30 Jan. 1788. Web. 22 Mar. 2011.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Federalists, Anti-Federalists and the Constitution (2012, October 28) Retrieved June 20, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/federalists-anti-federalists-and-the-constitution-151940/

MLA Format

"Federalists, Anti-Federalists and the Constitution" 28 October 2012. Web. 20 June. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/federalists-anti-federalists-and-the-constitution-151940/>

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