Famine in Somalia Analytical Essay by Carly Evans

A term paper on the recent famine and humanitarian crisis in East Africa's Somali Republic.
# 150412 | 937 words | 4 sources | APA | 2012 | US

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This paper serves as a historical summary and analysis of the recent famine and humanitarian crisis in the East African nation of Somalia. Long torn apart by civil war and conflict, the nation faced the biggest humanitarian crisis in Africa in nearly 30 years when a combination of drought and political strife culminated in over 4 million of the nation's nearly 10 million people being threatened by imminent starvation, disease and death.

Somalia's Internal Political Situation
International Intervention
Refugee Crisis
Resolution of the Crisis

From the Paper:

"Somalia, officially known as the Somali Republic, has been in complete chaos with no central government since the Somali civil war twenty years ago. Some attempts have been made to unify the nation, but for the most part the country is divided into autonomous, self-governing regions. One of the most prominent "governing" groups in the country is Al-Shabaab, which rules the southern region of the country.

"Al-Shabaab is a militant Islamist group with direct ties to Al Qaeda. Since the beginning of the crisis, Al-Shabaab has made a concerted effort to keep foreign aid out of the country, stating that foreign aid workers are "enemies of Islam" and secretly engaged in ulterior motives through their philanthropy. They have kidnapped and killed several aid workers. The most destructive effect of this campaign on Somalia's own people is that no food aid was able to reach the neediest areas for months at a time.

"One month before the famine was officially declared by the UN, a combination of Somali government forces under the command of ostensible Somali president Sheikh Sharif Ahmed along with an African peacekeeping force of 9000 reclaimed the capital of Mogadishu. (Ahmed, 2011) This urban center, however, was not heavily affected by the famine, and Al-Shabaab maintained control of many rural regions in the south where the famine was most keenly felt."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Agence France-Presse. (2011, July 20). Somali refugee death rate at 15 times above norm: UNHCR. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from Hindustantimes: http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/Africa/Somali-refugee-death-rate-at-15-times-above-norm-UNHCR/Article1-723239.aspx
  • Ahmed, M. (2011, Aug 6). UPDATE 3-Somali government declares Islamist rebellion defeated. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from Reuters: http://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFL6E7J601H20110806?pageNumber=1 virtualBrandChannel=0
  • Maasho, A. (2011, Aug 6). Somali mother sends children back to famine as camps overflow. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from Reuters: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/08/06/us-ethiopia-drought-idUSTRE77516K20110806
  • UN News Centre. (2012, Feb 3). UN says Somali famine over, but warns action needed to forestall new crisis. Retrieved Feb 8, 2012, from UN.org: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=41133 Cr=somalia Cr1=famine

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Famine in Somalia (2012, February 14) Retrieved March 31, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/famine-in-somalia-150412/

MLA Format

"Famine in Somalia" 14 February 2012. Web. 31 March. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/famine-in-somalia-150412/>