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This paper analyzes and explores the contributions of Jean Paul Sartre, Gabriel Marcel and Soren Kierkegaard to existentialism, a philosophy that analyzes human existence. The paper further defines existentialism as focusing on themes such as freedom, self awareness, the consciousness of the surrounding world, the act of becoming and the power that the individual has upon constructing himself. Additionally, the paper considers other aspects of philosophy, such as humanism, subjectivity and absolute freedom. Man and his capacity for free choice is also discussed at length. The paper concludes by stating that existentialism is a humanism because it believes in the capacity of the humans to decide by themselves, in the absence of any superior entity, upon what is wrong and right.
From the Paper:"At the same time, man does more than becoming an essence which existed before him and was decided a priori. Existentialists believe in absolute freedom and the power that the individual has upon his own self, despite his facticity (objective coordinates that one can not decide upon, such as the parents or the birthplace). Searching for meaning in the world the individual is found to discover that it is meaningless. Dealing with the absurd, he is bound to experience feelings such as angst and despair, the main coordinates of the existentialist crisis."
Sample of Sources Used:
- "Existentialism" in the Stanford Encyclopaedia of philosophy. Available from http://www.libs.uga.edu/ref/turabian.html, accessed March 26, 2009
- Kaufman, Walter. Existentialism from Dostoyevsky to Sartre. Meridian Publishing Company, 1989 (Philip Mairet translator)
- Kierkegaards, Soren. Either/Or : A fragment of life. Penguin classics, 1992
- Marcel, Gabriel. The philosophy of existentialism. Citadel, 2002
- Sartre, Jean Paul. Existentialism is a humanism. Yale University Press. 2007
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Existentialist Philosophers (2011, January 16) Retrieved September 24, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/existentialist-philosophers-146765/
"Existentialist Philosophers" 16 January 2011. Web. 24 September. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/existentialist-philosophers-146765/>