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The paper explains that the theory of natural theology held that the uniformity of plan evident in the universe and in nature proved that a divine creator had designed the intricate mechanisms through which organisms were suited to perform specific functions. The paper discusses how William Paley and Richard Owen were two prominent proponents of natural theology, which vied with Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection for support in the scientific community in the 19th century. The paper explains that Owen contended that the animal kingdom was organized in accordance with four distinct types of organism: birds, fish, mammals, and reptiles, which he believed were archetypes originally conceived in the mind of the Creator.
From the Paper:"Examining Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection and issues such as natural theology, pangenesis, the work of William Paley, Thomas H. Huxley and Richard Owen, and the emergence of women in the fields of biology and botany indicates that biologists and theorists were engaged in debating many controversial issues in the 19th century. 1. The theory of natural theology held that the uniformity of plan evident in the universe and in nature proved that a divine creator had designed..."
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Evolutionary Biology (2008, December 01) Retrieved May 24, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/evolutionary-biology-142365/
"Evolutionary Biology" 01 December 2008. Web. 24 May. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/evolutionary-biology-142365/>