Durkheim: Modern Society and Punishment
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This paper discusses Emile Durkheim's exploration of the workings of crime and punishment. The writer explains Durkheim's concept of anomie, a weakening of the moral ties that bind people together which occurs when traditional norms of behavior are undermined without being replaced by new norms. Durkheim was among the first few to highlight the differences between traditional and modern societies that had led to a shift in punishment from corporal punishment to institutionalized revenge. The writer explains that the materialism of modern society has led to individualism, which Durkheim blames for the breakdown of social cohesiveness and collective conscience that is the primary cause of social decay as well as lenient punishment. This paper contains MLA-style endnotes but does not include a works cited page.
Sample of Sources Used:
- Karl Binding, Das Problem der Strafe in der heutigen Wissenschaft, in 1 Strafrechtliche und strafprozessuale Abhandlungen 61, 84 (1915).
- Emile Durkheim, The Division of Labour in Society, trs. George Simpson, New York, Free Press paperback edn, 1964.
- Anthony Giddens, Capitalism and Modern Social Theory. An Analysis of the writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press (1971).
- John Horton, "The Dehumanisation of Anomie and Alienation: A Problem in the Ideology of Sociology", British Journal of Sociology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 283-300
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Durkheim: Modern Society and Punishment (2009, June 24) Retrieved October 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/durkheim-modern-society-and-punishment-114800/
"Durkheim: Modern Society and Punishment" 24 June 2009. Web. 21 October. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/durkheim-modern-society-and-punishment-114800/>