Does the Law of the Sea Address Pollution of the Marine Environment? Analytical Essay by Refalo29

Does the Law of the Sea Address Pollution of the Marine Environment?
This paper explores how the United Nations' Convention on the Law of the Sea addresses pollution of the marine environment.
# 153765 | 2,410 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2012 | MT


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Description:

The paper discusses the United Nations' Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) that promoted better cooperation between countries in the sustainable exploitation of marine resources, as well as the provision of important guidelines which aim at protecting the marine environment. This paper explores the main elements and purpose of the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea, particularly Part XII, which directly deals with the protection and preservation of the marine environment.

Outline:
Introduction
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
Part XII: Protection and Preservation of the Marine Environment
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Over the years, the marine environment has been exposed to a surplus of human activities: activities considered harmful to the environment like industrial waste dumping, sewage discharge and marine transportation for not to mention oil spills from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs and wells. The International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited's statistics show that in the 1970s there were 245 oil spill incidents and more than 3 million tonnes of oil spilled into the sea. These anthropogenic activities have led to a dramatic increase in marine pollution in the twentieth century thus causing considerable damage to the marine eco-system and environment.
"In this light, the second half of the twentieth century saw a number of United Nations Conventions and agreements related in some way or another to the protection of the marine environment. In fact, in the late 1940s the development of the International Maritime Organization kicked off with the Convention of the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization. Other Conventions and agreements like OILPOL , and MARPOL were also formed in the following years. The general common aim of such Conventions has been that of promoting measures that would limit the damaging consequences of pollution at sea and eventually control and reduce marine pollution."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • The International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited, 'Statistics'. Available at: http://www.itopf.com/information-services/data-and-statistics/statistics/index.html [accessed on 02 April 2012]
  • 'International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)'. Available at: http://ples.law.ntu.edu.tw/UserFiles/Marpol%20(Eng).pdf [accessed on 03 April 2012]
  • Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, 'Oceans and Law of the Sea'. Available at: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_historical_perspective.htm#Historical Perspective [accessed on 03 April 2012]
  • UN General Assembly 22nd Session First Committee Official Records, 1515th Meeting, 1 November 1967. Available at: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/pardo_ga1967.pdf [accessed on 03 April 2012]
  • 'United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea'. Available at: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/unclos_e.pdf [accessed on 02 April 2012]

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Does the Law of the Sea Address Pollution of the Marine Environment? (2013, December 11) Retrieved September 23, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/does-the-law-of-the-sea-address-pollution-of-the-marine-environment-153765/

MLA Format

"Does the Law of the Sea Address Pollution of the Marine Environment?" 11 December 2013. Web. 23 September. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/does-the-law-of-the-sea-address-pollution-of-the-marine-environment-153765/>

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