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This paper explores the literature on the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The paper points out the variations in how one defines ADHD and the difficulty of precisely measuring the features of the syndrome. Additionally, the paper finds that there are problems of differential diagnosis and that comorbidity of ADHD with other disorders may impact resultant prevalence rates. The paper concludes that these findings demonstrate the need to establish a more discrete, operationally defined set of criteria for the diagnosis of ADHD.
From the Paper:"Researchers like Barkley, (1990) recognize that the most common behavioral problems in children is Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In fact, children with ADHD constitute up to half of the referrals to psychiatric clinics in North America and, thus, ADHD has become the most researched and best known of the developmental behavioral disorders (Barkley, 1990).
"Yet, in spite of this extensive research, however, the prevalence of ADHD remains questionable (Barkley, 1990). This is due in part to variations among studies in how one defines ADHD; the difficulty of precisely measuring the features of the syndrome; differences in the samples studied; the geographic locale of a study; and the degree of agreement required among parents, teachers, and professionals for a diagnosis to be made (Barkley, 1990). Additionally, problems of differential diagnosis and comorbidity of ADHD with other disorders may impact resultant diagnosis and prevalence rates (Goodyear & Hynd, 1992). As a result, although consensus seems to be that 3% to 5% of children in North America have ADHD (Barkley, 1991), estimates vary as much as 1% to 20% (Barkley, 1990; McGee, et al, 1991)."
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Diagnosing ADHD (2003, October 07) Retrieved August 25, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/diagnosing-adhd-35515/
"Diagnosing ADHD" 07 October 2003. Web. 25 August. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/diagnosing-adhd-35515/>