Cross-Cultural Misunderstandings in Warfare Analytical Essay by scribbler

Cross-Cultural Misunderstandings in Warfare
Looks at cross-cultural misunderstandings in warfare especially the Korean and Vietnam conflicts.
# 152801 | 2,000 words | 11 sources | APA | 2013 | US

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This paper explains the contemporary concepts of globalism, cross-cultural capability and cultural misunderstanding especially as they apply to the Korean conflict and the Vietnam war. After noting the cultural issues in these hostilities, the author wonders what the difference would have been in these aggressions if the West had understood from the beginning that the cultures were the same and that the populations resented the political split between the two nations and felt manipulated by both the West and by China and the Soviet Union. The paper concludes that, without a better understanding of the paradigms of other cultures, the current conflicts in Afghanistan and the Middle East are repeating the same devastating misunderstandings. A footnote and quotation are included.

Table of Contents:
Cross-Cultural Capability
Cultural Misunderstanding
The Korean Conflict
The Vietnam War
Cultural Issues in the Korean Conflict
Cultural Issues in the Vietnam War

From the Paper:

"The involvement of the United States in the political situation in Southeast Asia, culminating in the Vietnam War, had a significant impact on U.S. politics, foreign policy, internal culture and social history. In 1950, Red China and other communist countries, recognized North Vietnam as the official government of that country. The United States, and other non-communist countries, in turn, recognized South Vietnam. Prior to this, tensions were already high between the communist and non-communist nations, and U.S. policy held that every country allowed to "go red" would domino into other countries. This became even more an issue with the outbreak of the Korean War.
"Throughout the rest of the 1950s, then President Dwight Eisenhower's administration continued to espouse the Domino Theory and believed that it was only a matter of time that the rest of S.E. Asia fell to the communists, putting Japan, India, and the Philippines at risk. The reality of the political situation was that the Hanoi regime was more populist and actively campaigned against Saigon's corrupt and ineffectual leaders, who were propped up by the West, but really did not have popular support nor the best interests of the country at heart. With the Presidency of John F. Kennedy, and his continual disagreements with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, America was poised to send in Special Forces to quell the "brush fire" in Vietnam. Continued escalation and misunderstanding,"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Damms, Richard, (2001), The Eisenhower Presidency, 1953-1961, Longman.
  • Davidson, P. (1991), Vietnam At War: The History, 1946-1975, Norton.
  • Delfield, C. (October 27, 2005). "Sell the Good News in South Korea." Forbes.Cited in:
  • Helding, D. and A. McGrew. (2007). Globalization Theory: Approaches and Controversies.Malden, MA: Polity Press.
  • Kalton, M. (1994). "The Confuscian Transformation of Korea: A Study of Society and Ideology." The Journal of Asian Studies. 53 (1): 34-48.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Cross-Cultural Misunderstandings in Warfare (2013, April 30) Retrieved January 28, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Cross-Cultural Misunderstandings in Warfare" 30 April 2013. Web. 28 January. 2023. <>