Communism Vs. Democracy: Who has the Right to Rule?
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The paper questions whether democracy is indeed the 'end of history' and the only legitimate form of political ideology that existed in human history. The paper explores Karl Marx and James Madison's concepts of democracy as they relate to democracy per se and Communism, and finds that both Madison's idea of a democratic form of government and Marx's Communist, classless society have the right to rule human societies. However, the paper notes that history has been witness to that which differentiated democracy from Communism, specifically, the manner by which both have been executed or implemented.
From the Paper:"James Madison's political ideology--that of democracy--is best reflected in The Federalist No. 10, entitled, "The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection" (1787). Writing from the point of view of an individual who is about to become one of the Framers of the Constitution, Madison expounded on his political ideal, one that is founded from the individual and the majority. Indeed, democracy's core is based on the idea of liberty--liberty of the each individual member of the civil society, and Madison considered it "essential to political life."
"In Federalist No. 10, Madison also acknowledges the paradox that democracy presents to the individual. Under democracy, people would have the "diversity in the faculties of men" while at the same time, they also have "uniformity of interests." The point between these two contrasting points is where democracy can be found: it seeks to unite these diversities and strengthen people's interest towards a common goal, which is to preserve the liberty they are enjoying without great detrimental effects to social order. Indeed, in a democratic form of government, diverse ideas are unified under the common interest of attaining and preserving humanity's liberty. However, each individual does not give up any of his/her "faculties," and Madison resolves this issue through the concept of representativeness."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Fukuyama, F. (2006). The End of History and the Last Man. NY: Free Press.
- Madison, J. E-text of The Federalist No. 10. Available at: http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa10.htm
- Marx, K and F. Engels. E-text of The Communist Manifesto. Available at: http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm
- Mostov, J. (1989). "Karl Marx as Democratic Theorist." Polity, Vol. 22, No. 2.
- Rosen, G. (1996). "James Madison and the Problem of Founding." The Review of Politics, Vol. 58, No. 3.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Communism Vs. Democracy: Who has the Right to Rule? (2012, May 21) Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/communism-vs-democracy-who-has-the-right-to-rule-151076/
"Communism Vs. Democracy: Who has the Right to Rule?" 21 May 2012. Web. 25 October. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/communism-vs-democracy-who-has-the-right-to-rule-151076/>