Christian Educational Missionaries in Korea Analytical Essay by Master Researcher

Christian Educational Missionaries in Korea
A look at the social contribution of Christian educational missionaries in Korea.
# 40775 | 2,900 words | 12 sources | APA | 2002 | US
Published on Oct 15, 2003 in History (Asian) , Religion and Theology (Christianity) , Asian Studies (General)

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This paper explores the development of mainly educational Christian missionary activities in Korea from the later 19th century and with emphasis on the early decades of the 20th century. The paper looks at which groups in Korean society were most attracted to what the Christian missionaries introduced and aims to provide a better understanding of the important place played by Christian denominations into the present day. The paper points out that in contrast to developments elsewhere in the world of European imperialism, Christian missionary activities were not resented by most Koreans.

A Foreign but Valued Religion
Denominations and Education
Indigenized Christianity in Korea

From the Paper:

"Before the arrival of missionaries from the West, the Korean masses often manifested low levels of literacy in a society whose cultural and other activities were largely directed by elites of the Confucian tradition derived from Chinese civilization. Buddhism was part of popular religion but could not be said to work in ways that offset widespread Korean poverty and the great gaps that existed between city dwellers and peasants. (Grayson, 1985, 64) In addition, the back-and-forth historical domination by China then Japan had produced a rise of Shintoism in Japanese occupied Korea. An important result was the way in which missionary schools or other Christian centers came to be equated with dissident sentiment and activities, rendering Christian schools particularly attractive to Korean parents from backgrounds that had not fared well under either Confucian or Japanese imperial authority. Essentially, the 19th century saw the introduction of novel ideas, opportunities for care and improvement, and often dynamic individual missionary personalities, very broadly, across Korea. The overall influence was regarded as a benevolent one, and in some districts, a most welcome and inspiring change from what had gone before. (Palmer, 1967, i-x)"

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"Christian Educational Missionaries in Korea" 15 October 2003. Web. 28 March. 2020. <>