Child Abuse through Three Studies
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This paper is a discussion on child abuse and models that can be used to help others understand maltreatment and abuse. Drawing on three specific studies, the writer attempts to deconstruct each study for reasons that can be compared and contrasted to one another. Largely, the writer discusses what makes a parent abuse a child and what visible signs can be present. Basing his conclusion on these studies, one major finding was that there are psychological factors that contribute to the issue.
From the Paper:"To answer my question, I first wanted to determine what makes parents abuse a child and what affects that abuse might ultimately have on the child. To answer this question, I looked at Kim et al.'s article, "Early Child Maltreatment, Runaway Youths and Risk of Delinquency and Victimization in Adolescence: A Mediational Model." In this article, the authors tested two hypotheses. First, they believed that child abuse could be used as a predictor of children that run away during adolescence. Second, they authors suggested that running away can then lead to "later delinquency and victimization" (19) in their teenage years. Thus, the authors ultimately predict a vicious cycle in which children are abused, run away, and become likely sufferers of crimes and delinquents themselves later in life. The authors drew a sample from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, which "is a prospective study of children and families begun in the mid-1970s to examine correlates and consequences of child maltreatment" (Kim et al. 21). The entire sample numbered 457 children from 297 families. Children from welfare programs, protective services programs, Head Start, day care, and nursery schools were sampled. A total of 248 boys and 209 girls were studied, and most of the children were from two parent households with relatively low incomes in the 1970s. Information was collected on these children when they were in the early childhood years, school years, and teens (Kim et al. 21-22). Variable such as physical and psychological abuse, sexual abuse, running away, juvenile delinquency, juvenile victimization, and gender were considered. The authors used chi-square tests, as well as least squares mean variance-adjusted estimator was used "to accommodate the modeling of ordered categorical variables of child maltreatment" (Kim et al. 23). Further, the analysis followed a "two-step" process in which "a confirmatory factor analysis model was estimated to assess the overall fit of the measurement model and association among model constructs," and a structural model was used to test the hypothesized relationships (Kim et al. 23). The authors did, indeed, find that abuse predicted running away, which then predicted both juvenile delinquency and victimization."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Belik, S., Stein, M.B., Amudson, G. JG., and Sareen, J. "Relation Between Traumatic Events and Suicide Attempts in Canadian Military Personnel." La Revue canadienne de psychiatre. 54.2. (2009): 93-104.
- Kim, Min Jung. Tajima, Emiko A., Herrenkohn, Todd I., and Huang, Bu. "Early Child Maltreatment, Runaway Youths, and Risk of Delinquency and Victimization in Adolescence: A Mediational Model." Social Work Research. 13.1 (2009): 19-28.
- Taylor, Catherine A., Guteman, Neil B., Lee, Shawna J. "Intimate Partner Violence, Maternal Stress, Nativity, and Risk for Maternal Maltreatment of Young Children." American Journal of Public Health. 99.1 (2009), 175-183.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Child Abuse through Three Studies (2011, November 03) Retrieved May 26, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/child-abuse-through-three-studies-148706/
"Child Abuse through Three Studies" 03 November 2011. Web. 26 May. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/child-abuse-through-three-studies-148706/>