Buddhism and Jainism Analytical Essay by Top Papers

Buddhism and Jainism
An analysis of both Buddhism and Jainism as reactions to Vedic society.
# 133801 | 1,250 words | 7 sources | 2007 | US
Published on Dec 01, 2007 in Religion and Theology (Buddhism) , Religion and Theology (Eastern)

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This paper follows Joshi's model of both Buddhism and Jainism as revivals of pre-Vedic traditions of personal stoicism, renunciation and detachment, and both as reactions to brahmanism seen as a philosophical corruption. The paper notes that Buddhism travelled beyond India whereas Jainism enjoyed a particular community basis of endogamy and a period of royal patronage to become a tradition confined to India. The paper focuses on Jainism as it tends to be less understood by non-Jains as compared to Buddhism.

From the Paper:

"Brahmanical ideas and practices forever produce reactions in South Asian religious movements. The Buddha rejected some Vedic principles in favour of four noble truths and the eight-fold path permitting the individual to achieve nirvana. Mahavira similarly formulated his philosophy by becoming an ascetic, turning to an oral tradition later produced in both Prakit and Sanskrit which focuses on moksha or transcendental emancipation as a central teaching, accomplished through three `jewels' of what became Jainism in right belief, right knowledge and right conduct. As in much..."

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