British Separation of Powers Analytical Essay

British Separation of Powers
Looks at the concept of the separation of powers as presented in the Constitution of Britain.
# 148080 | 1,760 words | 10 sources | APA | 2011 | PK
Published on Aug 30, 2011 in Political Science (Non-U.S.) , Political Science (Political Theory)

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This paper explains the writings of French political activist Montesquieu and of English jurist William Blackstone that developed the idea of the three-fold division of government with separation of powers to safeguard the rights and liberty of the individual. Next, the author relates the duties and laws governing the British authorities of the Royal Crown, Primer Minister, British Parliament, Privy Council, Supreme Court and Cabinet Ministers, all of whom hold some degree of power but not absolute power. The paper concludes that the British Constitution defines a political system that provides transparency, equity and balance, which not only separates the executive, legislative and judicial power but also gives a great degree of the stability.

From the Paper:

"Another important source that holds power is the judicial system of Britain. This system has gone through many changes to make it transparent and to make sure that it also displays the same degree of separation of power as the other important institutions of the UK. Peter Fitzgerald states that, in 2003, it was decided that a new supreme court would replace the old system of Office of Lord Chancellor. These changes were aimed at separating the judiciary in the United Kingdom from executives and legislative powers. This would channel a safe distribution of power in different institution of the United Kingdom."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • George Jones & Joshua Rozenberg June 13, 2003. Blair Casts Aside Legal History in Radical Reshuffle, DAILY TELEGRAPH (London),
  • Frances Gibb, June 14, 2003 Three Years' Grace for Title of Lord Chancellor, TIMES (London)
  • Lewis F. Abbott.2006. British Democracy: Its Restoration & Extension, ISR/Google Books
  • Barendt, Eric,1997, Is there a United Kingdom Constitution, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (vol. 137)
  • Peter L. Fitzgerald, (2003). Constitutional Crisis over the Proposed New Supreme Court. Research Report.

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