Aristotle's Philosophy in "Nicomachean Ethics"
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The paper explains Aristotle's argument in the "Nicomachean Ethics" that the correct approach to happiness, Eudaimonia, is the primary goal of the individual, and this can only be achieved when the soul is on the path to virtue. The paper outlines Aristotle's virtue theory and notes that the happiness spoken of by Aristotle was not necessarily the same type of happiness as is the contemporary definition; modern humans view happiness as something of immediacy, to feel good, while for Aristotle, the conception of happiness is more about self-actualization. The paper also discusses how the basic assumption about Aristotelian morality is that humans are moral agents through their individual actions.
From the Paper:"Virtue Theory is the theory that right actions follow from becoming a moral person, and that by becoming a moral person we will automatically know what is right and wrong. When we know what is truly right or wrong we have flourished as humans and we have eudemonia. Virtue ethics is one of the main forms of normative ethics, and often called arecirctaic ethics (arecircte- virtue, from Greek). It contrasts deontology, which emphasizes rules and duties. A virtue is an admirable human characteristic such as courage, kindness or forgiveness that distinguishes good people from bad. Socrates sought a single virtue for human life, while Plato identified four central virtues that should be present in the ideal state. Aristotle said that a moral virtue is the middle value between two extremes.
"Aristotle developed a different way of thinking. He said that virtue was the middle action between two vices. So, for example, modesty would be a virtue as it comes between two extremes or vices; egotism and low self-esteem. Another example would be working sensibly. The two vices of working would be overworking and laziness. The middle option would be working sensibly. This, according to Aristotle, is the correct choice of action."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Adler, M. (1997). Aristotle for Everybody. Touchstone Press.
- Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics.
- Bragg, M. (March 2, 2006). "Friendship - The History of Ideas." In Our Time - BBC. Cited in: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p003hyd3
- Hughes, P. (1989). "Disparate Conceptions of Moral Theory." Philosophy in Context.19 (1); 9-20.
- Yu, J. (2008). "An Ambiguity of Happiness in Aristotle: Living Well and Acting Well."Skepsis. 19 (2): 136-51.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Aristotle's Philosophy in "Nicomachean Ethics" (2013, April 08) Retrieved May 25, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/aristotle-philosophy-in-nicomachean-ethics-152640/
"Aristotle's Philosophy in "Nicomachean Ethics"" 08 April 2013. Web. 25 May. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/aristotle-philosophy-in-nicomachean-ethics-152640/>