An Overview of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Looks at the history and new understandings about autism spectrum disorders, which affects the capacity to interact with other persons.
# 149129 | 1,405 words | 6 sources | APA | 2011 |
Published on Nov 25, 2011 in Psychology (Child and Adolescent) , Psychology (Disorders) , Psychology (History of Psychology)
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This paper explains that the number of people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders has grown significantly, which most likely is due to advances in diagnose methodology. Next, the author relates that, although faulty parenting was once believed to be the cause of this disease, today, scientists have determined that it most likely is caused by a combination of genetic and other environmental factors. The paper stresses that changes in the description of autism in the "Diagnostics and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM), which originally cataloged it as schizophrenia, indicate that people now differentiate autism from other maladies affecting mental health. The paper includes foot notes.
From the Paper:"Autism is not necessarily a devastating disease for the person having it or for those close to him or her. If controlled, a person with autism can develop normally and perform simple activities easily, without any discomfort. There have been various so-called cures invented over time in order to put an end to the disease. However, the cures did not prove their efficiency, and, people learned that the best that they could do had been to control the disease with a variety of medications.
"The fact that autism is a common disease is somewhat helpful, as people have more sources from which they can learn how to control the malady. It is very difficult for a healthy person to communicate with one suffering from autism, as the latter often find themselves suddenly changing the subject or understanding a completely different thing than what they are told. Autistic people generally prefer things to go as they want them to, since they hate changes, regardless of how irrelevant they are.
"In spite of the severity of autism, it is not always detected from an early age, with such cases being rare. It is possible for autism to be undetected in some people across their lives."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bettelheim, Bruno. Joey: A 'mechanical boy. Scientific American, 200, 116-127.
- Hincha-Ownby, Melissa. (2008) History of Autism in the DSM. Retrieved from the Suite101 Web site: http://autismaspergerssyndrome.suite101.com/article.cfm/history_of_autism_in_the_dsm
- Keane, Elaine. (2004). Autism: The Heart of the Disorder? Sensory Processing and Social Engagement-Illustrations from Autobiographical Accounts and Selected Research Findings. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, Vol. 29.
- Pericak-Vance, Margaret A. (2003). Discovering the Genetics of Autism. USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), Vol. 131.
- Rockey Fleming, Alexandra. (1999). Is Autism on the Rise?. Insight on the News, Vol. 15, December 6.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
An Overview of Autism Spectrum Disorders (2011, November 25) Retrieved April 18, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-149129/
"An Overview of Autism Spectrum Disorders" 25 November 2011. Web. 18 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-149129/>