An Evaluation of Intentionality
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This essay analyzes intentionality from a philosophical point of view. The main object is to show that all intentional mental states are propositional, i.e. they posit something about the external world. First of all, the writer considers the Kantian categories of judgment, which shows that all understanding involves intentional mental states that map onto the real world, so that intentional mental states are invariably propositional. Judgments, on the other hand are shown to be intentional only when they do not involve the sublime. The claim of the expressivists that moral attitudes do not contain truth values is refuted by showing that they are both intentional and propositional. The relevance of Hume's notion that all understanding stems from belief is also introduced.
From the Paper:" In the context of the philosophy of the mind it is widely held that intentional mental states are propositional attitudes. From one point of view, all mental states that are not involved with the sublime are propositional attitudes. Kant understands all mental states to involve judgment of the world, and proceeds according to the a priori concepts of understanding, principally that of ``cause and effect''. I. Kant Critique of judgment, Translated by W. S. Pluhar, Hackett Publishing, Indianapolis, IN, p. xxxiii. In this account, all mental states are intentional, because being involved with judgment they are necessarily object-oriented. At the same time they are propositional, because to make a judgment about the world is also to make a proposition about it. Some attitudes are thought to be purely propositional without being intentional, but this is a fallacy. For example, Ben holds that the sky is blue, and it appears at first sight that he is holding a purely propositional attitude."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Crowther, P. (1991) The Kantian sublime: from morality to art, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
- Kant, I. (1987) Critique of judgment, Translated by W. S. Pluhar, Hackett Publishing, Indianapolis, IN.
- Townsend, D. (2000) Hume's Aesthetic Theory: Sentiment and Taste in the History of Aesthetics, Routledge, London.
- Quine, W. V. (1981) Theories and Things, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
An Evaluation of Intentionality (2011, January 13) Retrieved February 27, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/an-evaluation-of-intentionality-146697/
"An Evaluation of Intentionality" 13 January 2011. Web. 27 February. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/an-evaluation-of-intentionality-146697/>