Affirmative Action in University Admissions Analytical Essay by Nicky

Affirmative Action in University Admissions
A comparison of three cases on university admission programs and affirmative action.
# 151483 | 2,006 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 11, 2012 in Education (Higher) , Law (Historic Trials) , Hot Topics (Affirmative Action)

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The paper looks at the background of the "Regents of the University of California v. Bakke" case and its issues, the reasoning involved and the final decision. The paper then analyzes both the "Gratz v. Bollinger" and "Grutter v. Bollinger" cases and compares them to the Bakke decision. The paper finds that the decisions in all three cases demonstrate how the Supreme Court is consistently stepping away from affirmative action.

Case Comparison

From the Paper:

"Respondent Bakke was a white male who applied to the Medical School in both 1973 and 1974 under the general admissions program. In 1973, he was considered a desirable applicant and had a strong benchmark score, but no one in the general admissions program was accepted with the same score after Bakke's application was complete. Bakke wrote to the Chairman of the Admissions Committee, protesting that the special admissions program worked as a quota. When Bakke applied in 1974, he was interviewed by the Chairman, who scored him low. However, Bakke's benchmark score remained strong. His application was rejected in 1974. In both years, applicants were admitted under the special program with GPA's, MCAT scores, and benchmark scores significantly lower than Bakke's. Bakke filed suit in the Superior Court of California, seeking mandatory, injunctive, and declaratory relief compelling his admission to the Medical School. The Superior court of California enjoined the University from considering student race in admissions decisions, but failed to order them to admit Bakke as a student.
"Issues: Did the admissions program of the Medical School of the University of California at Davis violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 2964, 42 U.S.C.S. 2000d et seq., and the California Constitution? Was the lower court correct in enjoining the University from considering race in making admissions decisions? Should the trial court have ordered the student's admission in the University? Does a right of action for private parties exist under Title VI? Should the trial court have applied strict scrutiny to the University's admissions program?"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Gratz v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 2004, 2003.
  • Grutter v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 306, 2003.
  • Hirabayashi v. United States, 320 U.S.81 (1943).
  • Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944).
  • Northeastern Fla. Chapter, Associated Gen. Contractors of America v. Jacksonville, 508 U.S. 656 (1993).

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Affirmative Action in University Admissions (2012, June 11) Retrieved January 21, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Affirmative Action in University Admissions" 11 June 2012. Web. 21 January. 2021. <>