A Review of Two Social Theories
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The paper explains the basic elements of of social theories and then focuses on the theories of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. The paper discusses Marx's ideas of dialectical materialism, his categories of free enterprise, his view of the state and the commodity and his focus on the middle and working class. Next, the paper explores Durkheim's theory of functionalism, his hypothesis of agency and his views on integrity and ethics. The author summarizes the beliefs of these two theorists in the conclusion of the paper.
From the Paper:"Generally, social theories comprise a number of basic rudiments. These include epistemology, ontology, historical location, and a set of prescriptions. Epistemology seeks to respond to particular issues such as the ways and manner in which individuals recognize, identify, and make out the things they comprehend; ontology on the other hand is concerned with the elements and components of realism. A social hypothesis or assumption seeks to respond to the issues surrounding the existence of the social order. Social theories are also involved in mounting and comprehension of the social order as it is the basis or origin of modern civilization and culture. Social theories are best illustrated by a number of theorists such as Durkheim, Marx, and Weber. According to Best (2003), "Social theories were created in a bid to elucidate certain social issues. These include the explanations, the Great Reform Bill of 1832, the French Revolution of 1789, Chartism, industrial revolution, Urbanization, and the 1848 revolutionary movements" (pg 7). Social theory is also considered as disorderly and disjointed. However, a number of social theorists attempt to elucidate thee issues. For instance, Marx perceives limitations and constrictions as having risen from the association between people in different ranks. Feminism envisions limitations as having been made-up and established by man in a bid to manipulate females."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Best, S. (2003). A Beginner's Guide to Social Theory. London, UK: Sage Publications.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
A Review of Two Social Theories (2013, October 14) Retrieved July 17, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/a-review-of-two-social-theories-153701/
"A Review of Two Social Theories" 14 October 2013. Web. 17 July. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/a-review-of-two-social-theories-153701/>