A Comparative Analysis of Modernization in China and Japan
A discussion of Barrington Moore's book comparing modernization efforts in Japan and China entitled "Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World."
# 64184 | 1,816 words | 1 source | MLA | 2006 |
Published on Feb 28, 2006 in Asian Studies (East Asian Cultures) , History (Asian) , English (Analysis)
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This paper reviews and analyzes Barrington Moore's book about Japanese political leaders and why they were able to launch a successful modernization effort nearly a century earlier than political leaders in China. The paper explains that Moore does this by comparing and contrasting the ideological, social and political histories of the two countries and then, in greater detail, discusses those comparisons.
From the Paper:"In China, an upper class consisting of scholar-officials and landlords wielded considerable influence. The system of examinations by which individuals acquired imperial posts produced an elite group of classically educated men who used their government positions to increase their families' wealth and land holdings. The means of wealth acquisition were less than legal in most cases, but graft was socially acceptable though illicit. Chinese motivation for development of personal wealth reflected in large part the patrilineal lineage mechanism in place. For the benefit of his family, then, the Chinese scholar used his power to accumulate wealth for his descendants. The avenues leading to the examinations were not equally accessible to all, however, so the peasants were essentially excluded from imperial posts. The significant characteristics of the relationship between the gentry and the peasantry will be described shortly."
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