Social Play in Young Spotted Hyenas as a Predeterminant of Adult Social Status Admission Essay by Charles056
Social Play in Young Spotted Hyenas as a Predeterminant of Adult Social Status
A study on social play and its potential role in the adult social structure of spotted hyenas.
# 154053 | 2,556 words | 17 sources | 2014 |
Published on Oct 26, 2014 in Anthropology (General) , Sociology (General) , Agricultural Studies (General)
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From the Paper:"Playful behaviour has been widely studied across several animal groups. It is an important area of research as both mature and young animals partake in playful antics, though usually at greater frequencies in younger age classes (Panksepp 1981). The function, if any, of play behaviour, remains cryptic. However, the high cost and risk associated with play as well as its broad occurrence across mammalian groups suggests its probable functionality. Likely contributing not only to healthy physical growth and the enforcement of motor pathways, play also may function in defining an animal's sense of kinship, communication and learning (Lafreniere 2011).
"The importance of developing robust ethograms at the species level is critical for comparative approaches and their significance has often been stressed (Bekoff 1972). A literature search indicated rats and monkeys have been the most substantially researched animal groups when considering play behaviour in general (Lafreniere 2011). Many other groups, such as Hyaenidae and Canidae, have been studied less thoroughly.
"The social structure of a spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) clan is unique, relative to other animal groups (Figure 1). Clans are typically large with up to 90 members and are linearly structured with a female dominated hierarchy (Bekoff 1972). Females occupy a single social level within the hierarchy their entire lives and are characteristically more aggressive than males (Laurence 1986). This singular status is inherited from the mother; however this is dependent on the constant presence of and reinforcement by maternal figures (Holekamp et al. 2007). Status in adults can be measured by the outcomes of aggressive interactions, with the most successful aggressor being the more dominant one (Laurence 1986)."
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