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The paper looks at the various types of anthrax bacterium and their composition, place of origin, epidemiology and transmission in humans and animals. The paper explores the prevention and treatment of anthrax and discusses the fears post 9/11 that anthrax will be used as a weapon in a terrorist attack. The paper also discusses the current vaccine for anthrax and its limitations and looks at the research on a new vaccine. The paper concludes that although the anthrax bacterium is relatively low on the list of possible contaminants, future research on this potentially fatal disease should continue.
From the Paper:"Kenneth Todar, one of the leading bacteriologists in the United States, provides a very detailed and accurate description of the various types of anthrax bacterium and how they differ related to composition, place of origin, epidemiology and transmission. With Bacillus anthracis, the first bacterium of its kind to be studied in the laboratory in 1877 by Robert Koch who "demonstrated its ability to form endospores" and was one of the first to produce experimental anthrax by injecting the bacterium directly into the blood of animals, is very similar to Bacillus cereus, usually found within soil habitats in many countries, and to Bacillus thuringiensis, "the pathogen for the larvae of lepidoptera or butterflies. These three types of anthrax bacterium also possess identical size related to cellular structure and morphology and form "oval spores located centrally in a non-swollen sporangium" (2008, Internet).
"However, Bacillus thuringiensis is somewhat different from the other two types in relation to its pathogenicity, "pertaining to the ability of a pathogenic agent to produce a disease" (Glanze, 2002, p. 887) and through the production of an intercellular parasporal crystal, "tightly-packed insect protoxin molecules which are produced by strains during the creation of resting spores" ("Focus on Anthrax," 2001, Internet) linked to spore formation. Some of these types of crystals are currently used by farmers as a form of insecticide to control the formation and spread of certain pests."
Sample of Sources Used:
- "Anthrax." CDC. Internet. 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2009 fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/anthrax_gi.html.
- "Anthrax." World Health Organization. Internet. 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2009from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs264/en.
- "Einstein Scientists Move Closer to a Safer Anthrax Vaccine." Science News. Internet. September 4, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2009 from http://esciencenews.com/articles/2009/09/04/einstein.scientists.move.closer.a.safer.anthrax.vaccine.
- Glanze, Walter D., Ed. Mosby's Medical, Nursing and Clinical Health Encyclopedia.St. Louis, MO: C.V. Mosby & Company, 2002.
- "Focus on Anthrax." Nature. Internet. 2001. Retrieved November 9, 2009 fromhttp://www.nature.com/nature/anthrax.
Cite this Term Paper:
The Anthrax Threat (2012, June 25) Retrieved June 18, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-anthrax-threat-151546/
"The Anthrax Threat" 25 June 2012. Web. 18 June. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-anthrax-threat-151546/>