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The paper discusses the rising popularity of hops within the brewing process during the 18th century and looks at the locations, hand picking methods and drying out of hops. The paper describes the growing and curing system in Kent and Sussex, England, and shows how this was the center of English hops production in the 18th century.
From the Paper:"According to research, 18th century hand picking methods were very particular. Hops were grown in chosen locations based on the richness of the soil, "The hop requires a very rich soil, and its growth is promoted by the liberal application of both organic and mineral measures; although excessive manuring is prejudicial," (Chambers's Encyclopedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People 1873:414). Thus areas with rich, fertile soil were chosen above others in the raising and production of European hops for brewing. The plant itself is a hearty plant, that once planted, is hard to remove entirely from the soil itself; "It spreads rapidly underground by its roots and is not easily extirpated where it has once been introduced," (Chambers's Encyclopedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People 1873:414). Traditionally in the 18th century, in hop plantations, there are normally groups of three to four hops planted around xi to nine feet away from each other. Thus, the plants can be easily accessed and worked by many workers when they have fully matured. They are propagated through cloning by using cuttings and raising them in a greenhouse. As the shoots rise from the ground, planters attach them to wooden poles to help them from bowing down."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Chambers's Encyclopedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People. (1873). Vol. 10. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co.
- Fluckiger, Frierich August & Hanbury, Daniel. (1874). Pharmacographis, a History of the Principle Drugs of Vegetable Origin. London: Macmillan and Co.
- Kent County Council. (2007). Hops and Downs: A Taste of Mid-Kent. Retrieved 12 Nov 2009 at http://www.kent.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/1913EEC2-B192-4378-9D53-FAB0AFF870D5/0/FoodTrailsHopsandDowns.pdf
- Madison County. (2005). Hop map. Heritage Trail. Madison County, New York. Retrieved 13 Nov 2009 at http://www.madisoncounty.org/Plan/HeritageTrail/HopMapback17x22.pdf
- Lawrence, Margaret. (1990). The encircling hop. Sawd Books.
Cite this Term Paper:
Producing Hops in the 18th Century (2012, June 27) Retrieved May 24, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/term-paper/producing-hops-in-the-18th-century-151581/
"Producing Hops in the 18th Century" 27 June 2012. Web. 24 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/term-paper/producing-hops-in-the-18th-century-151581/>