Probation and Parole in Pennsylvania Term Paper by Nicky

A look at probation and parole in the state of Pennsylvania.
# 151143 | 1,499 words | 4 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 23, 2012 in Criminology (Criminal Justice and Corrections)


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Description:

The paper defines probation and parole, looks at how many inmates the parole board has to keep track of each year and provides some background on the Board of Probation and Parole (PBPP). The paper then describes the parole and probation processes and parolee and probationer rights, and considers the Department of Corrections (DOC)'s role in helping assure the success of their inmates when they return to society and face parole.

Outline:
Definitions of Probation and Parole
Inmate Numbers
Background of the PBPP
The Parole Process
Parolee and Probationer Rights
DOC Part in the Process
The Success Rate

From the Paper:

"The parole process actually begins before an inmate's release from prison. The board Web site notes, "While still incarcerated, an offender seeking approval for parole begins working with institutional parole staff to develop a plan for residence after release, and a plan for post-release employment" (PBPP). Once released, the Pennsylvania parole system is extremely structured. The "Parole Supervision Continuum" is the foundation of the parole system in the state. Each parolee is assessed by their risk to society. This risk assessment includes the parolee's time out of prison, the background of his crimes, and how he is behaving in the community. The PBPP Web site continues, "A parolee moves towards less structured supervision as he proves himself to be a productive member of society, and conversely, he moves back towards more structured supervision, up to and including reincarceration in a state prison, if his behavior deteriorates" (PBPP). This risk assessment actually begins in the DOC before the inmate is released, and continues throughout the parole period. There are four levels of supervision in the Continuum, Minimum, Medium, Maximum, and Enhanced, according to the risk assessment of each parolee. Parole officers can use electronic monitoring; require drug or alcohol counseling, domestic violence treatment, and other treatments they may find the parolee requires."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Beard, J. A., & Gnall, K. (2003, August). The Pennsylvania Approach to Re-entry. Corrections Today, 65, 68+.
  • Editors. "About PBPP." Board of Probation and Parole. 2009. 22 Oct. 2009.<http://www.pbpp.state.pa.us/pbppinfo/cwp/view.asp?a=3&q=154234&pbppinfoNav=|>.
  • Editors. "General Rules for Probationers and Parolees." Chester County. 2009. 22 Oct. 2009.<http://dsf.chesco.org/adprob/lib/adprob/pdf/general_rules.pdf>.
  • Editors. "Pennsylvania Parole and Probation Officers May Be Erroneously Telling Parolees and Probationers They Cannot Vote, Says ACLU." ACLUPA.org. 2008. 22 Oct. 2009.<http://www.aclupa.org/pressroom/pennsylvaniaparoleandproba.htm>.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Probation and Parole in Pennsylvania (2012, May 23) Retrieved October 30, 2014, from http://www.academon.com/term-paper/probation-and-parole-in-pennsylvania-151143/

MLA Format

"Probation and Parole in Pennsylvania" 23 May 2012. Web. 30 October. 2014. <http://www.academon.com/term-paper/probation-and-parole-in-pennsylvania-151143/>

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