Global Climate Change: Science and Conjecture
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The paper explores the link between industrialization and the current global warming trend by conducting a search for recent scientific articles on this issue. The paper finds an unmistakable warming trend that cannot be accounted for by natural variances as currently measured, but also finds that one cannot conclusively state that human carbon emissions are the cause of the warming. The paper does conclude, however, that given the strong possibility that global warming is human caused, change is advisable.
From the Paper:"One simulated study came to somewhat conflicting conclusions. A computer model of China's carbon emissions and GDP using eleven sustainability factors and data previously collected predicted an initial climb in carbon emissions along with GDP, followed by a much more dramatic drop (Ojekunle et al 2009). It also predicted greater energy efficiency at the time of the highest carbon output, which decreased as wages increased (Ojekunle et al 2009). A separate modeling study that examined China and rural India predicted major carbon emission increases and global warming if aid was not provided to assist these countries in a shift to low-carbon energy producing technologies (Urban 2009).
Direct observational studies have come to their own conclusions. Recently discovered fossil fish remains show that near tropical ocean temperatures existed much farther north than they do today, suggesting that the Earth has been far warmer in its geological past than it is today (Newbrey et al 2009). It has long been known that the plante goes through warmer and cooler periods; these findings reveal new temperature maximums in a more widespread area than had been previously thought (Newbrey et al 2009). At the same time, a careful scientific study that attempted to account for the natural temperature cycle of the Earth, which is mainly driven by oceanic currents, found that even with natural variability accounted for the trend in the twentieth century has been an unrelenting warming trend (Swanson et al 2009)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Ojekunle, Z.; Lin, Z.; Xin, T.; Harrer, G.; Martins, A. & Bangura, H. (2009). "Global Climate Change: The Empirical Study of Sensitivity Model in China's Sustainable Development." Energy sources 31(19), pp. 1777-89.
- Newbrey, M.; Murray, A.; Wilson, M; Brinkman, D. & Neuman, A. (2009). "Seventy-five-million-year-old tropical tetra-like fish from Canada tracks Cretaceous global warming." Proceedings - Royal Society. Biological sciences 276(1674), pp. 3829-3833.
- Swanson, K.; Sugihara, G. & Tsonis, A. (2009). "Long-term natural variability and 20th century climate change." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(38), pp. 16120-16123.
- Urban, F. (2009). "Climate-Change Mitigation Revisited: Low-Carbon Energy Transitions for China and India." Development policy review 27(6), pp. 693-715.
Cite this Term Paper:
Global Climate Change: Science and Conjecture (2012, June 25) Retrieved May 24, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/term-paper/global-climate-change-science-and-conjecture-151544/
"Global Climate Change: Science and Conjecture" 25 June 2012. Web. 24 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/term-paper/global-climate-change-science-and-conjecture-151544/>