Freud's Theory of Psychoanalysis
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The paper outlines the five different theoretical directions in the theory of psychoanalysis: Freudian drive theory, ego psychology, object relations, self psychology, and relational psychoanalysis. The paper discusses the contributions of Anna Freud, Erik Erikson, Donald Winnicott, Otto Kernberg and Heinz Kohut to the theory and explains why two concepts that are a major part of psychoanalysis are a contradiction to this writer's belief in Christianity.
From the Paper:"Drive theory is another contribution to psychoanalysis discovered by Freud. Drive theory refers to the theory of drives, motivations, or instincts that have clear objects (Wikipedia, 2007). According to drive theory there are three levels of consciousness. The conscious are those things that we are aware of at any point and time. The preconscious includes memories that can easily be retrieved with little effort (Sharf, 2004). And finally the unconscious, memories that must be pushed away because of the threat they present to the conscious mind. Attending to unconscious material was very important to Freud (Sharf, 2004). Freud thought it very important to bring that which is not known in the unconscious into consciousness.
"Another important concept in drive theory is the structures of personality known as the id, ego and the superego. The id is inherited psychological forces such as hunger, thirst, and elimination that you are bon with (Sharf, 2004). When a baby is born the id is in full control. The baby only concerns are its own needs. The ego is used to test reality, to plan, to think logically, and to develop plans for satisfying needs (Sharf, 2004). In other words the ego keeps the id under control."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Sharf, S. Richard. (2004). Theories of Psychotherapy and Counseling Concepts and Cases (3rd ed.). California: Brooks/Cole-Thompson Learning.
- Drive Theory. (2007, January 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:29, January 16, 2007, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Drive_Theory&oldid=98600495
- Id, ego, and super-ego. (2007, January 14). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:27, January 16, 2007, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Id%2C_ego%2C_and_super-ego&oldid=100736629
- Psychoanalysis. (2007, January 15). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:25, January 16, 2007, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Psychoanalysis&oldid=100972073
- Psychosexual development. (2007, January 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:31, January 16, 2007, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Psychosexual_development&oldid=100453326
Cite this Term Paper:
Freud's Theory of Psychoanalysis (2011, December 03) Retrieved September 21, 2014, from http://www.academon.com/term-paper/freud-theory-of-psychoanalysis-149257/
"Freud's Theory of Psychoanalysis" 03 December 2011. Web. 21 September. 2014. <http://www.academon.com/term-paper/freud-theory-of-psychoanalysis-149257/>