A Definition of Peronism
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The paper explains that Juan Peron's presidency and overall policies have been described as part of the "third way" of governmental and fiscal policy, falling between the extremes of socialism and capitalism that dominated political thinking throughout the twentieth century. The paper examines the particular policies Peron carried out and shows how Peronism is a nationalization that still manages to marginalize certain elements, and a freedom that extends to economics but not to things like the press and speech.
From the Paper:"Ideologically, certain aspects of Peronism can be more easily identified in the radical changes that Peron instituted during the "revolutionary stage" of his first term as president (Romero 124). Peron believed that state control of manufacturing and resource development would lead to economic benefits for the country and its citizens, evincing an ideology that was both nationalistic and populist in its perspective (Romero). There was a strong emphasis on mass participation in government and industry, which became greatly unified under Peron (Brennan 35-7). Regardless of the ultimate effects of Peron's policies and actions, there is a definite ideology of solidarity and equality at the heart of many of these policies. The uneven way in which this ideology was carried out--and in fact some of the equality that this ideology ultimately instilled--can be seen in Peron's social base.
"This social base also shifted during Peron's two terms in office (not counting his brief third term nearly twenty years later). His entire regimes was marked by a dislike from many on both the right and the left sides of his politics, form writers to doctors and especially the military (Brennan; Romero). Much of the peasant, labor, and servant class, however, especially those Argentineans who were still most closely identified with the indigenous groups of people in the country, strongly supported Juan Peron and his wife Eva."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brennan, James. Peronism in Argentina. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1998.
- Romero, Luis Alberto. A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century. New York: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002
Cite this Term Paper:
A Definition of Peronism (2012, April 30) Retrieved May 23, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/term-paper/a-definition-of-peronism-150903/
"A Definition of Peronism" 30 April 2012. Web. 23 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/term-paper/a-definition-of-peronism-150903/>