Theories of Early Childhood Development
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The paper reviews the child development theories and stages of Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, B.F. Skinner and Urie Bronfenbrenner, and highlights how all of the schools of thought offer insight into developmentally appropriate practice. The paper points out the importance of context, culture and understanding the whole individual in providing developmentally appropriate practice in the classroom as well as providing expert resources for infant and pre-school development. The paper concludes by emphasizing how fundamental it is to focus heavily on development during early childhood to offer developmentally appropriate practice as well as to observe possible lags in development.
From the Paper:"Early childhood, from birth to 8 years is a crucial period in human development. The foundation of all human learning and development can be seen to take place in large part during this period and set, in some ways for life patterns of how these individuals will learn and develop for their entire lives. It is for this reason that developmentally appropriate practice is so essential to the period. At each developmental stage in the period the environment and learning and developmental offerings must be appropriate and interactive to guide the individual child down the right path for normal development, socially, educationally and physically. The need to create such environments and supply such offerings to the child is universal, in the sense that caregivers and professionals who interact with the child must both provide them. Theories and research associated with this period of development have evolved over the years to include five major schools of thought maturationist, behaviorist, psychoanalytic, cognitive-developmental and sociocultural, and ecological systems theories. All of the schools of thought have been furthered by the works of several prominent theorists including; Erikson, Piaget, Vygotsky, Skinner, Bronfenbrenner and all of the schools of thought offer insight into developmentally appropriate practice. (Trawick-Smith, 2009, pp. 36-64)"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bronfenbrenner, U. (1981). The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003). Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved July 23, 2010 from http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/cogsys/piaget.html
- Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2010, July). Social Development Theory (Vygotsky) at Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved July 23, 2010 from http://www.learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html
- Trawick-Smith, J. (2009) Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural Perspective, 5th Edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Theories of Early Childhood Development (2013, April 09) Retrieved December 20, 2014, from http://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/theories-of-early-childhood-development-152644/
"Theories of Early Childhood Development" 09 April 2013. Web. 20 December. 2014. <http://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/theories-of-early-childhood-development-152644/>