The Philippines: Sustainability in the 21st century
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The paper discusses the lack of population control, decreased access to educational opportunities, healthcare and opportunities and political corruption that have resulted in the exploitation of the Philippines' natural resources to serve foreign and domestic elites and limited the available funds to deal with the burgeoning population. The paper also points out that for cultural and religious reasons, as well as to ensure their security in old age, many families desire large numbers of children. The paper asserts that a lower birth rate will make the nation more sustainable and able to feed itself and will free up circulating capital and resources in the future for the current generation of young Filipinos.
From the Paper:"The Philippines has manifested a slow fertility decline; much slower than most countries in its region. It has also remained average in its rates of mortality. There is a projected and continued high population growth, resulting in more social service demands--creating a "demographic onus" rather than the "demographic bonus" enjoyed by other East Asian countries (Orbeta 2003, p.6). Poverty alleviation has been modest and mainly concentrated in urban areas. For the nation as a whole the number of poor increased from 4.6 million in 1985 to 5.14 million in 2000 (Orbeta 2003, p.7). "Demographic changes (decline in population growth, fertility, mortality and changing age distribution) have sizeable impacts on economic growth" and "account for about half of recorded economic growth in Southeast Asia, one third in East Asia" (Orbeta 2003, p.8). Access to family planning remains problematic in the Philippines, and government instability in recent years has further hampered the development of appropriate health services, especially for rural areas. For example, in January 2001 President Macapagal-Arroyo occupied the presidency after a civilian coup, backed by the military, until elections took place in May 2004 (Orbeta 2003, p.8). The lack of population control, decreased access to educational opportunities, healthcare, and opportunities has been particularly "deleterious" in its effects upon the nation's resources of human capital (Orbeta 2003, p.12)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Tarradell, Mireia. (2004, June) Philippines case study analysis of national strategies for sustainable development. National Sustainable Development research project. Retrieved July 5, 2009 at http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2004/measure_sdsip_philippines.pdf
- Orbeta, Aniceto C. (2003, August). Population, poverty and development: Review and research gaps. Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Retrieved July 5, 2009 at dirp3.pids.gov.ph/.../Population,%20Poverty%20and%20Development%20v28August2003.ppt
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
The Philippines: Sustainability in the 21st century (2011, December 05) Retrieved May 25, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/the-philippines-sustainability-in-the-21st-century-149303/
"The Philippines: Sustainability in the 21st century" 05 December 2011. Web. 25 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/the-philippines-sustainability-in-the-21st-century-149303/>