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This paper answers questions about crime and the criminal justice system. This paper also discusses the effects on social policy, different ways of administering the law, the social cost of arresting someone who is not convicted, elements of being an accomplice and being an accessory after the fact, and questions about racial and other types of profiling and their effectiveness.
From the Paper:"The presumption of innocence is a central premise in the American criminal justice system, forcing the prosecution to prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt. This should also make the prosecution more cautious about bringing a charge and trying a case because there are social costs to arresting a person and not convicting him or her in court. The rate at which prosecutions succeed or fail differs from one jurisdiction to another. In federal court in 2002, the cases for 80,424 defendants were completed, and most (89%) defendants were convicted ("Federal Justice Statistics" "Adjudication"). State statistics for large districts show similar results with a conviction rate of 85% ("Prosecution Statistics" "State Court Prosecutors in Large Districts")."
Cite this Essay:
Criminal Justice/Sociology (2005, December 01) Retrieved October 24, 2014, from http://www.academon.com/essay/criminal-justice-sociology-86389/
"Criminal Justice/Sociology" 01 December 2005. Web. 24 October. 2014. <http://www.academon.com/essay/criminal-justice-sociology-86389/>