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An analysis of the citizen status of African-Americans in the United States since Emancipation, including Reconstruction, the Jim Crow Era, the Civil Rights movement, the Black Power movement, and the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
From the Paper:"The Fourteenth Amendment, passed in 1868, established United States citizenship for all African Americans. In reality, however, African Americans were given no benefits of United States citizenship for another 100 years. Despite advancements of black civil rights during Reconstruction and the Civil Rights movement, voting, employment, and education barriers for African Americans remained a constant racial inequality through the 1960's. African Americans truly had rights as United States citizens when they received equal protection of the laws in the 1970's. Not until the end of the Black Power movement in the 1970's, when the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act began to have an impact, did African Americans truly gain full rights as citizens of the United States."
Cite this Essay:
African-American Citizenship (2004, January 30) Retrieved May 25, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/essay/african-american-citizenship-47124/
"African-American Citizenship" 30 January 2004. Web. 25 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/essay/african-american-citizenship-47124/>