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The paper notes that there are a variety of different psychological disorders, and what qualifies as a psychological disorder varies according to culture, source and opinion. The paper records that the guide for assessing and diagnosing psychological disorders is the DSM-IV, or the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders", which is a particularly complex categorical system. This paper provides a general overview of the first five categories covered in the DSM, which includes their symptoms and also treatment options.
From the Paper:"Schizophrenia is one of the most serious, if not the most serious psychological disorder and affects 1 person out of every 100, and accounts for more than half of all hospitalized individuals in mental institutions. Schizophrenia is nearly always treated using psychoactive drugs that aim to control the symptoms. Drugs in particular that are used are those that reduce the activation of the neurotransmitter, dopamine, which has been linked to schizophrenia. However, drug treatment is not always effective for schizophrenia patients, thus explaining their high rate of hospitalization. Treatment for schizophrenia is lifelong, in that the patients rarely are able to stop taking their meds. Very few cases exist where an individual is able to tackle schizophrenia without the use of drugs, but anomalies have occurred, such as the case of John Nash, the famous mathematician."
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- Wood & Wood. (1998). The World of Psychology, 2nd Ed. New York: Allyn & Bacon
- Colman, A.M. (2004). Oxford Dictionary of Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University P
Cite this Descriptive Essay:
Psychological Disorders (2009, January 14) Retrieved December 20, 2014, from http://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/psychological-disorders-111217/
"Psychological Disorders" 14 January 2009. Web. 20 December. 2014. <http://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/psychological-disorders-111217/>