Theories of Crime Comparison Essay

Theories of Crime
Compares the biological, biosocial and classical theories of crime,
# 128424 | 1,150 words | 5 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Jul 21, 2010 in Sociology (Theory) , Psychology (Theory) , Criminology (General)

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This paper first explains that both the biological and biosocial theories agree that criminal acts are due to abnormal biological or genetic defects; whereas, the classical theory believes that every individual has freedom of choice thus deterrence can prevent crimes. Next, the author points out that both genetics and environment have differing effects based upon an individual's vulnerability to a deviant behavior. The paper concludes that the classical idea leads to programs of treatment or punishment centered on changing the patterns of behavior and decision-making of those who have or are expected to break the law; whereas, the biosocial and biological theories lead to more research into the genetic, biological and environmental influences that predispose certain people to become criminals.

Table of Contents:
How Do These Theories Differ
Classical Theory
Biological Theory
Biosocial Theory
What Do Biological and Biosocial Advocates Propose
Would Classical School Supporter Accept These Concepts

From the Paper:

"Political belief prior to this supported the idea that people served the needs of the government. The idea of a new social contract in which the government existed to serve the needs of the governed brought forth a new idea that supports "a person surrendered to the authority of the state only the amount of freedom necessary to ensure protection of the rights of other citizens." This new idea of contractual relationship of the government to its people was a product of a new, emerging middle-class, and as such was at strain with the ruling elite and those who had held power."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • (2009) "Theories of Crime" Thinking Made Easy Retrieved April 15, 2010 from classical-theories-of-crime.html
  • Cloninger, C. R. (1986) "A unified biosocial theory of personality and its role in the development of anxiety states" Retrieved April 15, 2010
  • Ellis, Lee (2007) "Biosocial Theories of Crime" Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology Retrieved April 15, 2010
  • Tehrani, Jasmine A., and Mednick, Sarnoff A. (2010) "Crime Causation: Biological Theories" Retrieved April 15, 2010 from Causation-Biological-Theories.html
  • Williams, F. P. III and McShane, M. (2004) "The Classical School" Criminological Theory, 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Prentice-Hall pgs. 15, 17, 46 Retrieved April 15, 2010

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Theories of Crime (2010, July 21) Retrieved August 20, 2017, from

MLA Format

"Theories of Crime" 21 July 2010. Web. 20 August. 2017. <>