Nursing Theory Comparison Essay by Nursing

Nursing Theory
Compares and analyzes the core concepts of nursing care in M. Leininger's theory of transcultural care diversity and universality and J. Watson's model of human care.
# 108971 | 915 words | 12 sources | APA | 2008 | US
Published on Nov 09, 2008 in Medical and Health (Nursing)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


This paper compares the nursing care theories of Leininger and Watson. The paper first points out that the purpose of nursing theory is to describe, develop and disseminate a body of knowledge that is specific to guiding nursing practices. The paper then explains that the primary goal of Leininger's theory of transcultural care diversity and universality (TCDU) is to use transcultural nursing knowledge, which represents culturally compatible care based on the beliefs, lifestyles and values of individuals from diverse cultures , to improve their quality of care. The goal of Watson's model, on the other hand, is to provide a holistic framework of care. The paper concludes that, although each theorist represents an alternative perspective on care, their positions are compatible and can be intertwined to produce an all encompassing view of nursing. A table is included with the paper.

Table of Contents:
Theory of Transcultural Care Diversity and Universality
Model of Human Care

From the Paper:

"The TCDU uses several interrelated concepts including person, environment, culture, health and care/caring. The core concept being addressed in TCDU is care/caring. According to Leininger, care/caring refers to enabling, assisting or supporting, behaviors that improve or ease the human condition. Care is the essence of what nursing is, and by using culturally oriented care one can facilitate a greater level of health and wellbeing among individuals and groups within different cultures."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Adcock, S. (2007). Nursing Theory. Retrieved Sept 12, 2008, from
  • Cohen, J. A. (1991). Two portraits of caring: a comparison of theorist, Leininger and Watson. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16, 899-909.
  • Fitzpatrick, J. J., & Whall, A. (2005). Conceptual Models of Nursing: Analysis and Application (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  • George, L. (2001). Nursing theories: The base for professional nursing practice (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
  • Kaplan, A. (1964). The Conduct of Inquiry. San Francisco, Calif: Chandler.

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Nursing Theory (2008, November 09) Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

MLA Format

"Nursing Theory" 09 November 2008. Web. 19 August. 2017. <>