Nietzsche and the Doctrine of Italian Fascism
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This paper examines how there is a certain resonance between Nietzsche's thought and Mussolini's and Gentile's vision of fascism and in particular, the key notion of the will to power, the role of the individual and the state, and their motivation. The paper also argues against accusations that Nietzsche is the father of Fascism using the argument that Nietzsche is individualist whilst fascism is anti-individualist.
From the Paper:"The distinction Nietzsche draws between master moralities and slave moralities is the distinction between the embracing of will to power and its denial. Master morality is autonomous and supra-moral. It does not come from God or any other superstructure and in the realm of values it operates with the relativist "good and bad" rather than absolutist "good and evil". The possessor of master morality bears the print of nobility - he is admired by Nietzsche. "The noble type of person feels himself as determining value - he does not need approval, he judges 'what is harmful to me is harmful per se', he knows that he is the one who causes things to be revered in the first place, he creates values" (Nietzsche, p.154). Nietzsche's noble man "understand[s] how to revere" (Nietzsche, p. 155) in the face of the sacred - he has "an instinct for rank" (Nietzsche, p. 160), but it is not a reverence in the face of something bigger and more powerful (for the noble man is by definition the biggest and the most powerful) but the "reverence for old age and for origins" (Nietzsche, p. 155) - tradition. The aristocrat such as this is the one in which the will to power is least contaminated; he understands (and acts accordingly) that "we have duties only towards our peers, and that we may treat those of lower rank, anything foreign, as we think best or 'as our heart dictates' or in any event 'beyond good and evil" (Ibid.). "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Gentile, G. (2002). Origins and doctrine of fascism : with selections from other works. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction.
- Mussolini, B. (2006). The doctrine of fascism. New York: H. Fertig.
- Nietzsche, F. (1997). Beyond good and evil: prelude to a philosophy of the future. Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications.
Cite this Comparison Essay:
Nietzsche and the Doctrine of Italian Fascism (2012, July 15) Retrieved May 22, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/nietzsche-and-the-doctrine-of-italian-fascism-151611/
"Nietzsche and the Doctrine of Italian Fascism" 15 July 2012. Web. 22 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/nietzsche-and-the-doctrine-of-italian-fascism-151611/>