Freud, Erikson, and Pavlov: The Stages of Human Development Comparison Essay by ABCs

Freud, Erikson, and Pavlov: The Stages of Human Development
A comparative analysis of the developmental theories of Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud and Ivan Pavlov.
# 114041 | 1,027 words | 3 sources | APA | 2009 | US
Published on May 27, 2009 in Psychology (Freud) , Psychology (Theory)


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Description:

Psychologists throughout the ages have taken radically different views of the developmental processes through which children become adults. This paper examines how Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic approach is heavily individualistic, emphasizing the relationship of the child with his or her parents. The paper then compares this approach to Freud's later critic, Erik Erickson, who, rather than emphasizing infant sexuality, stressed the social component and influence upon human development and advocated a multi-stage process of human development, in. Next, the paper discusses how Ivan Pavlov similarly emphasized the early stages of development in his approach to learning and how he stressed the ability of the individual to be influenced by the environment and social conditioning, in contrast to proceeding through universal, internal psychological stages of growth.

From the Paper:

"But Freud's multi-tiered stages of development stresses the sexual nature of the psychologists throughout the ages have taken radically different views of the developmental processes through which children become adults. Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic approach is heavily individualistic, emphasizing the relationship of the child with his or her parents. According to Freud, the child proceeds through a series of stages, first beginning in a state of polymorphous perversity, then desiring the so-called 'phallic mother,' and gradually becoming socialized into a state of normal sexuality with a healthy, repressive (but not overly repressive) superego (Stevenson 2008). Freud's later critic Erik Erickson, in contrast, stressed the social component and influence upon human development, and advocated a multi-stage process of human development, in contrast to Freud's emphasis on infant sexuality (David & Clifton 2008). Ivan Pavlov similarly emphasized the early stages of development in his approach to learning; however he stressed the ability of the individual to be influenced by the environment and social conditioning, in contrast to proceeding through universal, internal psychological stages of growth ("Ivan Pavlov," 2008, PBS). of human personality to the exclusion of all other drives, the importance of repression, and the long-term affects of the first five years of life. The fixation on the mother causes the young boy to develop an Oedipal complex, as he desires to kill his father and supplant his father's position, while the girl develops resentment of her mother because she was not born with a penis, and as a result of penis envy, transfers her desire for a penis to a desire for her father. Eventually the boy learns to identify with his father to 'have' his mother, just as the girl learns to emulate her mother to 'have' a penis in the form of a husband and son. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • David, Doug & Alan Clifton. "Psychosocial Theory: Erikson." Haverford College. Retrieved 5Aug 2008. http://www.haverford.edu/psych/ddavis/p109g/erikson.stages.html
  • "Ivan Pavlov." (1998). PBS.org. Retrieved 5 Aug 2008. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhpavl.html
  • Stevenson, David. "Id, Ego, and Superego." The Freud Web. Retrieved 5 Aug 2008. http://www.victorianweb.org/science/freud/freud_ov.html

Cite this Comparison Essay:

APA Format

Freud, Erikson, and Pavlov: The Stages of Human Development (2009, May 27) Retrieved August 28, 2014, from http://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/freud-erikson-and-pavlov-the-stages-of-human-development-114041/

MLA Format

"Freud, Erikson, and Pavlov: The Stages of Human Development" 27 May 2009. Web. 28 August. 2014. <http://www.academon.com/comparison-essay/freud-erikson-and-pavlov-the-stages-of-human-development-114041/>

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