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This paper discusses how in the article "Race as Biology is Fiction, Racism as a Social Problem is Real,"the authors A. Smedley and B. Smedley attempt to bring anthropological and historical perspectives to the study of race and how the authors begin the main substance of this article by defining culture in anthropological terms, which essentially includes all of the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs of a given people. The paper also examines how the authors argue that the lack of true empirical evidence supporting the genetic basis of race, combined with the various and evolving concept of race, suggests that race is not at all biological or genetic in origin. It concludes that although race is not a biogenetic reality, public policy cannot ignore the obvious effects of the perception of race.
From the Paper:"This fiction of race was implemented in the United States to prevent races from marrying, and even the concept of "mixed race" was abolished making race an all-or-none division, and it was not until the 200 census that respondents were able to mark two racial identities. In Central and South American countries where phenotypic missing from native and European ancestry made strict racial divisions difficult, the practice still developed in the form of racial gradients based on factors such as skin color, with those supposedly evidencing greater amounts of European ancestry becoming dominant over other identified groups. These ideas of "folk race" were being matched by the scientific notions of race. These developments arose out of social observations, but grew increasingly technical under the minds of many scientific thinkers. The advent of genetics in the twentieth century only propelled this further."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Smedley, A. & Smedley, B. (2005). "Race as biology is fiction, racism as a social problem is real." American psychologist 60(1), pp. 16-26.
Cite this Article Review:
Review of "Race as Biology is Fiction" (2012, May 29) Retrieved May 23, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/article-review/review-of-race-as-biology-is-fiction-151191/
"Review of "Race as Biology is Fiction"" 29 May 2012. Web. 23 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/article-review/review-of-race-as-biology-is-fiction-151191/>