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The paper relates Fairclough's main thesis in the article, "Being in the Field of Education and Also Being a Negro," that education for blacks by blacks was crucial to remedying the effects of generations of enslavement. The paper identifies the three main points of Fairclough's argument that despite many setbacks, education became a crucial component in promoting civil rights. The paper notes that Fairclough does not offer specific solutions to the underachievement of blacks, but does point out the root causes of why many African-American youth struggle in school.
From the Paper:"The primary purpose of Fairclough's research is to counterbalance the "overemphasis on of previous historians on the work of northern white missionaries," (p. 66). To prove the thesis, Fairclough gathers evidence from primary sources and recorded historical data. For example, Fairclough notes that by 1862, several blacks were teaching in Union-occupied Virginia. After the end of the Civil War, Savannah would at some point have more black teachers than white teachers. Fairclough cites specific historical examples and references to particular people integral to black empowerment such as the people who become community leaders, educators, and politicians. Finally, Fairclough relies on empirical evidence including survey data. On page 81, Fairclough mentions a 1930 survey of 250 students at Livingstone College in Salisbury, North Carolina. The survey showed that not one African-American student wanted a career in agriculture. Fairclough cites the survey to substantiate the point that Booker T. Washington's proposal of "industrial education" and the proposed rural education of southern blacks only upheld white supremacy.
"However, Fairclough argues that even the mediocre programs of Booker T. Washington led to an eventual betterment of the black community. Fairclough argues the following three points in "Being in the Field of Education and Also Being a Negro.""
Cite this Article Review:
African-American Education since the Civil War (2012, June 08) Retrieved May 26, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/article-review/african-american-education-since-the-civil-war-151375/
"African-American Education since the Civil War" 08 June 2012. Web. 26 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/article-review/african-american-education-since-the-civil-war-151375/>