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The paper discusses how the government's insensitivity toward juvenile correction facilities today can be traced back to the early part of the eighteenth century, when politicians neglected such institutions in favor of prison facilities and boot camps. The paper explains that this resulted in various problems that continue to plague the present juvenile corrections system. The paper describes the ineffectiveness of cycles consisting of a largely punitive phase of juvenile justice policy, followed by a predominantly rehabilitative phase. The paper contends that practitioners need to understand the historical legacy that continues to influence contemporary policy and practice. The paper stresses that few areas of the justice system are more in need of critical re-examination than juvenile justice.
From the Paper:"The New York House of Refuge in 1825 is considered a starting point for the subsequent cycles of juvenile reform. The House of Refuge, and the development of institutions for juveniles in Massachusetts, embraced the belief that children should be treated separately from adult offenders, however by 1890 these institutions resembled adult prisons than juvenile reform homes, and rehabilitation generally played nothing more than a minor role in custodial care. In 1899, a second policy cycle began along with the creation of the juvenile court. At this time a separate legal process for juvenile offenders together with probation units which emphasized social casework, became integral components of a rehabilitative juvenile justice system between 1899 and 1960."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Jenson, Jeffrey M.; Howard, Matthew O. 1998. Youth crime, public policy, and practice in the juvenile justice system: recent trends and needed reforms. Social Work. Volume: 43. Issue: 4. Pp. 324+. Retrieved March 14 2006 from Questia Online Library Web site.
- Krisberg, Barry. 1995 August 01. The legacy of juvenile corrections.Corrections Today. Retrieved March 14 2006 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
- Morris, Terence. 1966. The Criminal Area: A Study in Social Ecology. Routledge and Paul: London. Pp.37. Retrieved March 14 2006 from Questia Online Library Web site.
- Perry, Elisabeth. 2003. Introduction: How did the Missouri Welfare League's efforts concerning Juvenile Delinquency Reform in the 1920s and 1930s reflect the continuation of Progressive-Era ideals? Saint Louis University. Retrieved March 14 2006 from: http://pages.slu.edu/student/jatckosa/introduction.html
- St. Gerard, Vanessa. 2004 January 01. In 1999, U.S. juvenile courts processed an estimated 1,673,000 delinquency cases that involved juveniles charged with criminal law violations. Corrections Compendium. Retrieved March 14 2006 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Cite this Argumentative Essay:
Juvenile Delinquency (2007, March 19) Retrieved May 20, 2013, from http://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/juvenile-delinquency-93459/
"Juvenile Delinquency" 19 March 2007. Web. 20 May. 2013. <http://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/juvenile-delinquency-93459/>