The Civil Rights Movement: Causes and Effects
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The paper examines the civil rights movement in the United States and those characteristics that identify it as a movement for social reform and change. The paper reviews other types of social movements in order to show that the civil rights movement was one of social reform rather than a revolutionary movement. The paper then examines those factors that led to the development of the civil rights movement such a slavery, discrimination, disenfranchisement and other social and political changes within American society.
From the Paper:"One type of social movement is the revolutionary movement. Members of this type of movement are deeply disenchanted and unsatisfied with the accepted way of society. Their main thrust is to impose a change on the existing institutions and values, so that they complement their own ideologies. Though not the norm for all revolutionary movements, the tactics most commonly associated with such are acts of terrorism. Terrorism or the "use of violence against civilian targets for purpose of intimidation to achieve political ends, " can be in the form of hijacking, bombing, and kidnapping. Because the goals of a revolutionary movement (fundamental changes in society) are so radical, they warrant the need for public attention in order to gain support. Yet, unfortunately, many resort to these types of extreme violence to get their point across. Unlike revolutionary movements that promote change, resistance movements try to hinder it. Members of such a movement are advocates of a restoration of traditional values. Their suspicion of changes in society lead them to try to reverse these new trends, which is why resistance movements can also be called regressive movements. Examples of resistance/regressive movements are white supremacy groups who represent "...widespread opposition to recent gains by...the civil rights movement." Another type of movement; utopian, seeks an ideal existence and society. The members of such a movement are "...a select group of true believers with the hope that their example will be a guide to change in the broader social system." Yet none of these characteristics seem to describe the Civil Rights Movement."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Rollins, Judith. (1986). Part of a Whole: The Interdependence of the Civil Rights Movement and Other Social Movements.
- Hess, Beth et al., Sociology. 4th Ed., New York: Macmillan, 1992.
- Robertson, Ian. Sociology. New York: Worth, 1987.
- Weisbrot, Robert. (1990) Freedom Bound: A History of Americas Civil Rights Movement. New York: Plume.
- King, Mary. (1987). Freedom Song A Personal Story of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. New York: Quill.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
The Civil Rights Movement: Causes and Effects (2011, March 07) Retrieved December 20, 2014, from http://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-civil-rights-movement-causes-and-effects-147272/
"The Civil Rights Movement: Causes and Effects" 07 March 2011. Web. 20 December. 2014. <http://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-civil-rights-movement-causes-and-effects-147272/>