Prospero, Ariel and Caliban Analytical Essay by Mosandy

Prospero, Ariel and Caliban
An analysis of the relationship between Prospero, Ariel and Caliban in William Shakespeare's "The Tempest" in the light of competing critical interpretations of the play.
# 58797 | 1,941 words | 4 sources | MLA | 2005 | GB
Published on May 22, 2005 in English (Analysis) , Shakespeare (The Tempest)

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This paper examines how "The Tempest" has attracted a vast array of critical attention, possibly because of its intriguingly ambiguous message which naturally invites conjecture. It looks at how it is a text loaded with nuances and ambiguities which make it impossible to pin down Shakespeare's original motivation or world view. By contemplating the relationship between Prospero, Ariel and Caliban it considers the author's views of their relationship in comparison with those of major critics.

From the Paper:

"Caliban's attitude to Prospero is one of absolute terror of his power rather than mere subservience. Mannnoni's argument of a "predisposition to dependency ", supported by Caliban's quick acceptance of Trinculo as "... a new master whose 'footlicker' he can become..." (quoted in Reader, p. 284) is hard to accept. Shakespeare's text is surely more light-hearted than this. Caliban's comic simplicity leads him to believe that Stephano and Trinculo are gods to be worshipped, not just men to be obeyed. In the magical surrounding of the island where the fantastic often happens, the naive Caliban can surely be forgiven for believing that Stephano and Trinculo are "...dropped from heaven" (2.2.134) or "Out o'th'moon" (2.2.135)."

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"Prospero, Ariel and Caliban" 22 May 2005. Web. 20 August. 2017. <>