Baudrillard and Hyperreality
This paper explains Baudrillard's theory of "signs", its relation to Plato's ideas, and the critique of modern society in terms of "hyperreality".
# 146698 | 904 words | 2 sources | MLA | 2010 |
Published by Shaad on Jan 13, 2011 in Philosophy (Epistemology) , Philosophy (Metaphysics) , Philosophy (Logic) , Philosophy (Ancient Greek)
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In this article, the writer analyzes Baudrillard's theory of "signs", and with particular reference to Plato's 'Allegory of the Cave'. The writer relates Plato's allegory, noting the reference to the shadows on the cave walls being signs of the real things. The writer then relates Baudrillard's theory, showing where he elaborates on Plato, such as in the notion that signs are "self-referential". The essay then points out that where Plato's stress is on signification, Baudrillard is is more concerned with how modern society avoids signification and mistakes appearances for concrete reality, thus giving rise to "simulacra". The writer describes how Baudrillard posits three levels of simulacra, and where in each level there is a further severance from reality. In the third level it is described how simulacra are not only copied, but are used to construct, or simulate, a comprehensive worldview termed "hyperreality".
From the Paper:"In Plato's Allegory the dwellers are sitting facing the wall of the cave, and their heads are constricted so that they must always be gazing at the wall. Behind them there is a fire, and between the fire and the dwellers there are moving bearers who carry objects. The shadows of the objects fall on the cave wall, and this is what the dwellers see, and is the sum of their visual knowledge. Plato is arguing that in the phenomenal world our knowledge is constrained. That we cannot reach the essence of things, and that our knowledge must be content with the hazy shadows of things. Because such knowledge is so incomplete, it is liable to produce error in our judgment of things. But Plato is not promoting skepticism. He extends the analogy to suggest that we may come to know the essence of things after we are released from material bondage. This implies that we emerge from the cave and see things as they really are. "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Baudrillard, Jean. Jean Baudrillard: Selected Writings. Translated by Jacques Mourrain. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2001.
- Taylor, Victor E. & Charles E. Winquist. Encyclopedia of postmodernism. London: Routledge, 2003
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Baudrillard and Hyperreality (2011, January 13) Retrieved April 25, 2015, from http://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/baudrillard-and-hyperreality-146698/
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